The “ People and Society ” section consists of multiple subcategories containing a number of indicators on topics such as population trends and educational attainment.


View Data & Analytics

People are an important asset to a community as they shape the community in different ways.  Understanding a region’s population can allow for the identification of strengths and opportunities. Examining demographic information can help local governments provide services and develop policies to improve a region’s economic prosperity and sense of community. For example, if a region has low levels of educational attainment, local governments can create policies to support adult education. Likewise, if a region has a diverse population, local residents can host a multitude of cultural festivals and activities to foster a sense of community.

Human Capital

View Data & Analytics

Human capital refers to knowledge/skills and educational attainment. Human capital is one of the essential resources for economic growth, and educated workers are critical sources of innovation and productivity, especially given the pace and nature of technological progress. Higher levels of human capital are also correlated to higher earnings and greater likelihood of employment. For example, basic math skills are important for personal and professional success.

Arts & Culture

View Data & Analytics

Arts and culture are related to a society’s sense of community, its ability to attract visitors and tourism, and its ability to generate local revenues. The arts can be a good way to engage citizens, especially youth, in civic engagement. This can involve restoring a decaying building or beautifying an urban space with murals and other art. While many arts and culture organizations are non-profit, the visitors these organizations attract to the area not only support these non-profits but also all other businesses in the area. For example, patrons of a live performance might spend money at a local restaurant. Likewise, a family visiting a museum might also stay at a local hotel. Spending on the arts includes the purchase of theater and movie tickets, playing and listening to music, attending museums and art galleries, and more.

Social Capital

View Data & Analytics

Social capital refers to the institutions, relationships, and norms that shape the quality and quantity of a society’s social interactions. It also encompasses the resources available in and through personal and business networks; these resources include information, ideas, leads, business opportunities, access to financial capital, power and influence, and emotional support. An engaged citizenry shares in the responsibility to advance the common good, is committed to the community, and holds a level of trust in community institutions. Increasing evidence shows that social cohesion is critical for societies to prosper economically and for development to be sustainable. 


View Data & Analytics

Public safety issues have social and economic impacts. Members of a society are more likely to feel a sense of community with neighbors if areas are safer. Businesses are more likely to locate to areas with less crime, and customers are more likely to visit businesses in areas that are safer. There is a strong correlation between income and safety. For this reason, various measures of safety can indicate how a region is doing economically. Safety can be measured in many ways including crime rates and the number of public safety officers.

Home/LAFCO Home/People & Society