Transportation allows residents of the NSJV to travel for work and leisure and allows visitors to travel within the region. Transportation is also necessary for economic activity. Transportation is especially important for the NSJV region because of its important transportation, warehousing, and logistics sectors.

Data for this indicator was obtained from the California Department of Transportation, Highway Performance Monitoring System (HPMS), and the Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS). Total daily vehicle miles traveled was obtained for each county from the HPMS Public Road Data. This was summed across the three NSJV counties and divided by the population of the NSJV obtained from the ACS.

This graph shows the per capita vehicle miles traveled per year for California and the NSJV. Overall, residents of both California and the NSJV are driving less now than they were in 2006. The number of miles driven has decreased in almost every period since 2006. NSJV drivers have decreased their vehicle miles travelled by more than California drivers, a decrease of 900 miles per year compared to a decrease of 500 miles per year, although NSJV drivers still travel farther by car than California drivers do. This is because of the more rural and sprawled out nature of the NSJV where public transportation is not as effective a method of travel.

Data on ACE Train ridership was obtained from the ACE Train. Data on Amtrak ridership was obtained from

NSJV commuting patterns

Data for this indicator was obtained from Census Transportation Planning Products, which draws on American Community Survey 2009-2013 5-year estimates.

This map shows commute patterns to and from the NSJV from surrounding regions. Dominant on the map is the large number of NSJV residents commuting to the Bay Area. Almost 65,000 workers commute from the NSJV to the Bay Area every day, which exceeds flows to or from any other region by a factor of 10. A likely factor contributing to these flows are the relatively high wages paid in the Bay Area, and the relatively low housing prices found in the NSJV. Commute inflows and outflows are very balanced between the NSJV and Greater Sacramento, and between the NSJV and SSJV. Conversely, inflows dominate outflows to the Mother Lode region, although the size of both of these flows are small compared to the connectivity between the NSJV, Greater Sacramento, and the Bay Area.